/ BASIC HISTORY OF TALPURS

I think it would be logical to start a family history with the roots of the family or the family tree as it is commonly known. I have my opinion regarding the lineage of any person, family, clan, tribe or race. The advocates and the detractors for good or bad reasons tend to glorify or malign or highlight or undermine the subjects they are dealing with according to their motives. This approach is quite detrimental to the purpose of objectivity which should be the primary requisite for any such study". 
Sons of Mir Sulaiman Kako shifted to Sindh from Bhurgurah in Dera Ghazi Khan sometime in 16th century and soon attained considerable influence. Mir Shahdad Khan was prominent even before he became associated with the Kalhoras. He received land from Auragzeb's governor of Multan Sultan Muizudeen. He was esteemed by his contemporaries. He held important position under Yar Mohammad and Noor Mohammad Kalhora. He died around 1747.

His son Mir Bahram Khan stepped into that position and helped the Kalhoras to rule justly and efficiently. He became a victim of court intrigues and was assasinated along with his son Mir Sobdar Khan in1774 by Mian Sarfaraz Khan who did so after a solemn oath on The Holy Quran, that he would not harm them in any way. The Talpurs rose up in arms and deposed Mian Sarfaraz under leadership of Mir Fateh Khan as Mir Bahram's eldest son Mir Bijar was away in Holy lands performing Haj. When he returned, he showed a lot of restraint but the elements who feared Talpur ascendancy prompted Mian Ghulam Nabi to fight him. A battle ensued at Laniari and though the Baloch were in fewer numbers they routed the Kalhora army. It is stated that during the battle Mian Ghulam Nabi made overtures for peace. On learning this, his advisor Taja Laikhi dealt him a fatal blow.

Mir Bijar Khan did not become the ruler of Sindh which he could have but gave the rule to Abdul Nabi Kalhora ,who ensured his accession by doing away with four possible inheritors of throne. Mir Bijar ably served him only to be repaid as his respected father was. Mian Abdul Nabi conspired with Raja of Jhodhpur, Buje Singh to assassinate Mir Bijar Khan. He sent two assassins who on excuse of delivering important message in privacy, attacked and fatally wounded him. Mir Bijar Khan was assassinated in the year1781.The Talpurs and other Baloch were enraged. Abdul Nabi sensing danger slipped away. Mir Abdullah, Mir Bijar's son now found himself shouldering the responsibility of leading the Talpurs and other Baloch. He too was as noble, brave and honourable as his father, his uncle and grandfather who all were assassinated .Although Abdul Nabi slipped away Mir Abdullah did not become the ruler. Another person from Kalhora family was given the mantle.

Abdul Nabi went to Kabul for help. It should be pointed out that the Kalhoras paid levy to rulers in Kabul. He brought with him an army of Afghans under command of one Maddad Khan, whose cruelty and brutality remains unsurpassed in annals of history in this region. The Baloch resisted the might of Afghan ruler as best as they could and had it not been for them the sufferings of people of Sindh would have been worse. Abdul Nabi had invited the scourge on Sindh, in stark contrast when Mir Bijar Khan was offered help by Nasser Khan of Kalat to avenge his father's death, he refused saying he would not take foreign forces on soil of Sindh. Mian Abdul Nabi after roving for some time again acquired the rule. He assured the Talpurs that he would not harm them. He gave those assurances written on The Holy Quran like Mian Sarfaraz. Those Qurans are still with Talpur family. Mir Abdullah helped Mian Abdul Nabi to stabilize the country but the latter gave way to his evil inclinations and plotted to assassinate the leading Talpur figures. Mir Abdullah and Mir Fateh Khan (the forbearer of Mirs of Mirpur) were taken in by his assurances and sent away their supporters only to be incarcerated and brutally murdered. This event occurred two years after Mir Bijar's assassination, in year 1783.

This proved to be the last straw. The Talpurs under Mir Fateh Ali Khan decided to do away with evil for once and for all. In the Battle of Halani forces loyal to Kalhoras were thoroughly defeated and Mir Fateh Ali Khan became the ruler of Sindh. It will be said that Talpurs were naive or simpletons but nothing could be farther from the truth. The truth is that the Kalhoras were not only the rulers but were also their Spiritual leaders and mentors, rebelling against spiritual rulers was unthinkable for them and they suffered for their loyalty and commitment. The Talpurs were patrons of arts and literature even before they became rulers. Manuscripts commissioned by Mir Bijar and Mir Mahmood Khan have been found. Mir Mahmood Khan commissioned the mauscript of 'Gulistan'of Sheik Saadi when he was very young.

A genealogical table written on a leaf of an old manuscript of Sheikh Saadi's "Gulistan" traces talpurs back to the family of Quraish and Amir Hamza. My object of stating this is to clarify my views regarding the family trees. The family trees are important in the sense that they tell you who you are but they do not determine what you are. We are in fact descended from the Quraish. What is important is what we have been doing since. There is no doubt that our family has an authentic, historically proved genealogical tree.

ABOUT TALPURS

Mir Shahdad Talpur, whose earthly remains are buried at Shahpur Chakar District Sanghar, laid the foundations of Talpur Rule in Sindh. He had four sons,

     1) Mir Nindo Talpur, whose earthly remains are buried at Meshed, and his descendants live in Sobho Dero.
     2) Mir Bahram Khan, whose earthly remains are buried at Khudabad near old Hala, had three sons Mir Bijar Khan, Mir Sobdar Khan and Mir Mahmood Khan. 
         Mir Fateh Ali was son of Mir Sobdar. Descendants of Mir Bijar Khan are also known as Bijaranis and those of Mir Mahmood Khan also as Mahmoodanis.
         They all reside in Hyderabad.
     3) Mir Chakar Khan father of Mir Rustam Khan who ruled at Khairpur. They too are Shahdadanis but also known as Chakaranis.
     4) Mir Khairo Khan, he died issueless.

The Khananis.
They are descendants of Mir Aali Khan his son Mir Mubarak Khan is buried at Ram Jago graveyard in Samaro. His descendants live in Tando Jam and Sor Haddi. 
Mir Ghulam Shah who was martyred at Miani along with Mir Jan Mohammad was the Great-Grandson of Mir Mubarak Khan. He is buried near Tando Jam while Mir Jan Mohammad is buried at Miani.

The Manikanis.
They are descendants of Mir Manik Khan. His son Mir Allahyar Khan is buried in Dadu District. His sons Mir Massu Khan, Mir Rajo Khan and Mir Jarro Khan are buried at Chitori graveyard near Mirpur Khas.
Mir Fateh Khan was son of Mir Massu Khan and father of Mir Tharo Khan who was the first ruler at Mirpur Khas. Mir Tharo Khan was maternal grandson of Mir Bahram Khan. 
Mir Bago Khan after whom Tando Bago is named was son of Mir Mirzo Khan who was assassinated along with Mir Fateh Khan and Mir Abdullah Khan s/o Mir Bijar Khan by the Kalhoras in 1783. Mir Mirzo Khan was son of Mir Jarro Khan.

The Shahwanis.
They take their name from Mir Shaho Khan son of Mir Shehak Khan s/o Mir Bijar Khan. Mir Bijar Khan was son of Mir Hotak Khan and a brother of Mir Shahdad Khan.
Tando Mohammad Khan takes its name from Mir Mohammad Khan s/o Mir Ghulam Mohammad and grandson of Mir Shaho Khan. His grandson Mir Ghulam Shah was martyred at Miani.


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